In 1960 the government held a referendum which led to the institution of the Republic. In 1960 there was the shooting at Sharpeville, which resulted within the proclamation of a state of emergency and the declaration of the ANC as an unlawful group. We believed it was our duty to preserve this group which had been constructed up with virtually fifty years of unremitting toil. I have already mentioned that I was one of the individuals who helped to form Umkhonto. We have been acquitted on all counts, which included a rely that the ANC sought to arrange a communist state in place of the prevailing regime. I shall deal additionally with the part performed by the Communist Party. Having stated this, I have to deal immediately and at some size with the question of violence. I may also deal with the relationship between the African National Congress and Umkhonto, and with the half which I personally have performed in the affairs of both organizations.
The freedom with which a tabetic affected person will allow his disorganised joint to be dealt with requires to be seen to be appreciated. We who formed Umkhonto had been all members of the African National Congress, and had behind us the ANC tradition of non-violence and negotiation as a technique of fixing political disputes. I, and the others who started the organization, did so for 2 reasons. The synovial membrane proliferates, grows over the cartilage, and replaces it, and when two such articular surfaces are in touch they are inclined to adhere, thus obliterating the joint, cavity, and resulting in fibrous or bony ankylosis. It’s handy to describe the styles of free our bodies below two heads: those composed of fibrin, and people composed of organised connective tissue. Fibrous tissue or cartilage may form in one or more of the fatty fringes and provides rise to exhausting nodular masses, which can attain a substantial size, and in course of time might undergo ossification. This form of the disease is extremely chronic, and should final for an indefinite variety of years.
We first broke the law in a way which averted any recourse to violence; when this form was legislated in opposition to, after which the federal government resorted to a present of force to crush opposition to its insurance policies, only then did we determine to reply violence with violence. Splints are to be averted. Strain and over-use of the joint and sudden changes of temperature are to be averted. The temperature is often raised (one zero one to 102 F.), especially if there are also haemorrhages elsewhere. There is swelling corresponding to the distended capsule of the joint, and on palpation the our bodies transferring below the fingers yield a sensation as of grains of rice shifting in a bag. I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness, nor because I have any love of violence. Secondly, we felt that without violence there could be no approach open to the African folks to succeed of their wrestle against the principle of white supremacy. They are pearly white in color, pitted and nodular on the floor, hardly ever bigger than a pea, though when compressed they may cake into masses of considerable size. I’ve little question that no self-respecting White political organization would disband itself if declared illegal by a government in which it had no say.
I do not know what justification there was for these acts, however to reveal that they couldn’t have been authorized by Umkhonto, I need to refer briefly to the roots and policy of the organization. We didn’t want an interracial conflict, and tried to keep away from it to the final minute. At the outset, I want to say that the suggestion made by the State in its opening that the battle in South Africa is underneath the affect of foreigners or communists is wholly incorrect. The remedy consists in opening the joint by free incision and eradicating the our bodies. On examination the joint presents a traditional appearance, but the pores and skin over it’s remarkably delicate. The illness could change into arrested or could go on to complete disorganisation; suppuration could ensue from infection by way of a breach of the surface, and in uncommon cases the joint has become the seat of tuberculosis. In 1956, 156 main members of the Congress Alliance, including myself, have been arrested on a charge of high treason and costs below the Suppression of Communism Act. So as to regulate these numbers we should always begin interested by treatment or changing lifestyles to reverse the high blood pressure if potential.